Agenda: Expanding the programme to support industrial parks and technology parks, providing subsidies to wooden house manufacturers, the implementation of the programmes of major repairing and providing equipment for teacher training universities and schools.
Excerptsrom the transcript:
The Government continues to improve mechanisms for developing our country’s industrial potential.
Last week, we eased the burden on investors that implement major projects in priority areas. Now a resolution has been signed to improve the working conditions in the industrial and technology parks. There will be an opportunity to provide similar support to technology parks focused on advanced technologies.
We will increase the amount of compensation for the creation, modernisation and renovation of infrastructure facilities. For industrial parks, it will amount to up to 30 million roubles per 1 hectare, and up to 120,000 roubles per square metre for industrial parks and technology parks engaged in advanced technology development. This is the first rate increase in the past eight years.
As for supporting private industrial parks and technology parks, they will be compensated for three quarters of their expenses.
We will also expand the list of expenses eligible for compensation. It will include the payment of the main debt and loan interest, as well as payments to the managing companies’ registered capital.
We hope that these changes will encourage the development of industrial parks and technology parks, boost the production and technology potential, open the way to many promising projects and improve the quality of life of our citizens in the regions where they are implemented.
One more thing. The Government is providing people with more opportunities to purchase their own homes.
Preferential mortgage programmes have already been launched and have proven popular with our citizens, including schemes related to the construction of individual houses. These mechanisms also supported the construction sector and Russian producers of construction materials. The President has spoken about the importance of such measures.
We will continue to take all necessary measures to provide people with the opportunity to choose not only a flat but also their own house, including through the creation of new instruments for companies engaged in the production of wooden prefabricated houses.
It is important to reduce the cost per square metre so that people can purchase accessible housing and there will be market demand for the output of the construction sector. We discussed this issue at a Tambov forum on increasing the accessibility of housing.
The Government has prepared a resolution on providing subsidies from the federal budget to wooden house manufacturers.
At the same time, entrepreneurs need to meet a few conditions. First of all, the price of a prefabricated house must not exceed 3.5 million roubles. Second, they have to provide buyers with discounts of up to 10 percent. Companies that are ready to fulfil these requirements will be able to submit applications to the Ministry of Industry and Trade for the chance to receive subsidies.
We hope that these measures, together with the existing solutions, will provide people with more opportunities to buy their own houses and maintain the demand for wooden prefabricated homes thus preserving jobs and employment at production facilities.
Now let us discuss education.
Last year, at the instruction of the President, major overhaul work began at 33 pedagogical universities in the country. To that end, 10 billion roubles were allocated.
The funding was used to refurbish university buildings and fit them with new equipment. To transfer high quality and relevant knowledge to the children, future teachers need to learn how to use contemporary equipment themselves and be able to use new technologies.
The President declared next year, 2023, the Year of Teachers and Mentors. One of its main objectives is to attract more talented young people to the profession. The President has repeatedly said that it is necessary to improve the image of teaching. The quality of teacher training plays a big role here.
Ms Golikova (addressing Tatyana Golikova), the major repairs and the provision of equipment to all pedagogical universities must be accomplished this year. Please tell us how the work is going to implement this programme. I know it is under your personal control.
Mr Mishustin, as you noted, 10 billion roubles have been allocated at the instruction of the President to overhaul or repair and properly appoint 33 teacher-training universities within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education.
Of this amount, 7 billion roubles were allocated to overhaul or repair the buildings and 3 billion roubles for purchasing modern equipment. The repair and construction work is nearing completion, and we are on track to complete it in full by the end of fiscal year 2022.
A Government directive adopted in June approved the Concept for Training Teachers for the Education System to 2030. It sets out the goals, principles, objectives, core activities and mechanisms for implementing state policy in this area.
A range of measures will ensure a unified approach to the subject-specific, methodological, psychological and pedagogical training of future teachers and the further improvement of the teacher-training universities’ resources.
Teacher-training universities are launching new interaction formats and creating unique environments designed for accelerated training of new, highly skilled teachers.
Quantorium technology parks have been created on their basis since 2021. The first 10 quantoriums opened in 2021. Nine more became operational as of yesterday. Another one will open before the end of this year, which brings the total to 10 for 2022. Thirteen more will open in 2023.
Modern functional spaces are being created in each technology park, such as natural science and technology classrooms, as well as webinar and presentation recording studios. The classrooms and studios are outfitted with state-of-the-art equipment, making it easy for the future teachers to come to schools that are equipped with innovative technology and competencies, which is exactly what modern schooling is all about.
In pursuance of the Presidential Executive Order that you mentioned, 2023 will be the Year of Teachers and Mentors. The Government (it was your decision) approved an organising committee, which will engage in this work. The teaching community partnered up with the federal executive bodies to draft an action plan, which includes a section dedicated to the 200th birth anniversary of Konstantin Ushinsky. We will review the draft plan soon so that we can set about launching the Year of Teachers and Mentors in December.
Multiple activities in the draft plan are designed to raise the prestige of teachers and attract young people to the teaching profession, so teacher-training universities will play one of the key roles in implementing the plan for the Year of Teachers and Mentors.
Already now, we can see school graduates’ interest in teaching professions. This year, the number of applications submitted by applicants for teaching specialties has tripled compared to last year, with 12 applicants competing for each publicly-funded spot at the university.
We keep working on it.
Mikhail Mishustin: Thank you.
We continue with the programme to carry out major overhauls at schools and provide them with new equipment, which also was adopted under the President’s instruction.
How is it going, and how much will be done by the beginning of the new academic year?
Tatyana Golikova: On 1 September, 1,049 schools opened after receiving major upgrades. As of today, repairs have been finished at 36 more buildings. In nine buildings in six regions, repair works will be concluded in November 2022. Plans call for finishing work at 224 more facilities in December 2022.
As for 2023 and the new academic year, 66.9 billion roubles will be allocated for this year. It is expected that over 1,500 schools will be renovated by the new 2023 academic year.
It is important that within the major overhaul programme, as per the President’s instructions, school students and their parents are involved in creating design projects and accepting the improvements.
The federal funding is provided not only for repairs, but also to fit the renovated facilities with the latest equipment and inventories.
As you know, we have agreements with the regions, and they take up the obligation to increase the qualifications of the teaching staff and to ensure the overall security at schools using their own funding. Like the previous instruction, the instruction on major overhauls at schools has been conducted as planned and is under our permanent control.
Mikhail Mishustin: Ms Golikova, I will ask you to continue to monitor the implementation of these important programmes.
The development of education at all levels is a priority task. We will pay a great deal of attention to implementing this. The social and economic development of the entire country depends to a large extent on the conditions in which future teachers and schoolchildren study and educators work.