On the current status of the implementation of Presidential Executive Orders Nos. 596-606 of May 7, 2012
Under these 11 presidential executive orders of May 7, 2012, the Government has been tasked with fulfilling 218 instructions, including 151 instructions in 2012-2013 and 67 more instructions in the following seven years.
As of May 6, 2013, 111 instructions have been fulfilled on schedule. The Presidential Control Directorate is no longer monitoring the fulfilment of 88 instructions, and the Presidential Executive Office is reviewing reports on the fulfilment of 23 instructions.
The first year of work to implement the presidential executive orders consisted largely of planning and drafting of basic regulatory and methodological documents. The Policy Priorities of the Government of the Russian Federation to 2018, the Long-Term Socioeconomic Development Forecast of the Russian Federation to 2030, as well as 40 state programmes to develop key socioeconomic sectors, including all 14 state programmes stipulated by presidential executive orders, were approved in the sphere of strategic planning for the nation’s socioeconomic development. The draft federal law On State Strategic Planning, which stipulates the coordination of strategic management and budget policy measures, has been submitted to the State Duma, and it will be debated in the second reading.
The basic regulatory documents required to implement the executive orders have been formulated for the most part.
In all, 31 federal laws have been approved, and the State Duma continues to examine an additional 25 draft laws.
A number of presidential executive orders have been drafted and issued with Government support.
The Government has approved over 80 regulatory documents, over 60 programmes, strategies, concepts, lists of measures, as well as various plans and road maps.
For instance, the federal laws On Education in the Russian Federation and On Protecting the Population’s Health from the Effects of Tobacco Smoke and the Consequences of Smoking, have been passed.
The Government has also approved the following documents:
- Programme for stage-by-stage improvements in the remuneration system at state (municipal) agencies in 2012-2018;
- Strategy for the long-term development of the pension system of the Russian Federation;
- Action plan to develop leading universities;
- Road maps in the spheres of healthcare, education, science and culture, to improve the business environment in the construction sector and others.
Proposals to improve the system for posting court verdicts and decisions online and ensuring access to them have been drafted. These proposals have been coordinated with the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and the Supreme Commercial (Arbitration) Court.
The Government has approved the following state programmes stipulated by the presidential executive orders:
- Economic issues:
- Developing Industry and Increasing Competitiveness;
- Aviation Industry Development, 2013-2025;
- National Space Programme, 2013-2020;
- Development of the Pharmaceutical and Medical Industry, 2013-2020;
- Shipbuilding Industry Development, 2013-2030;
- Development of the Electronics and Radio Electronics Industry, 2013-2025;
- Transport System Development;
- Science and Technology Development;
- Agricultural Development and Regulation of Agricultural Products, Commodities and Food, 2013-2020.
- Social issues:
- Healthcare Development;
- Education Development, 2013-2020;
- Culture and Tourism Development, 2013-2020;
- Social Support for Citizens;
- Affordable and Quality Housing and Utilities.
- The state programme Socioeconomic Development of the Russian Far East and the Baikal Region to 2018 was also approved.
Additional results of implementing the executive orders of May 7, 2012
The pay grades of military personnel have been increased and are not lower than the wages of employees in leading economic sectors.
Additional budget funding has been allocated to pay stipends and grants to cultural figures and artists, creative young people, as well as to pay grants for supporting cultural and art projects of national significance.
Stipends for needy first-year and second-year daytime students receiving good and excellent marks have been raised to subsistence-minimum levels.
Legislative amendments ruling out the possibility of settling economic disputes through criminal prosecution have been introduced.
Compensation measures for housing and municipal utility payments for single pensioners living in their respective flats for at least ten years are stipulated.
A system for assessing the performance of heads of executive federal agencies and senior regional officials has been created in order to improve the business environment. This system is based on qualitative and quantitative measures of improvements in the investment climate.
Measures to identify and support gifted children and young people have been drafted.
In some economic sectors, excessive and/or ineffective administrative mechanisms of state oversight have been replaced with alternative market mechanisms, including liability insurance.
Major headway has been made in the effort to increase budget provision levels of local budgets, to ensure sustained volumes of regional financial support funds and those for co-financing municipal entities.
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Additional measures were required in order to fulfil 48 instructions. The most sensitive issues include:
- The quality of housing and utility service provision;
- Creating an affordable housing rental market and the development of the non-profit housing fund for low-income individuals;
- Socioeconomic development of Siberia and the Russian Far East;
- Improving living conditions for families with three and more children.
The following measures to create a favourable business environment have not been completed:
- Mandatory public technological and pricing audit checks of all major investment projects with state involvement;
- Creating a mechanism to provide state guarantees during the implementation of investment projects in the Russian Federation, which primarily focus on medium-sized businesses operating in the non-commodity sector;
- Creating a mechanism to involve foreign companies with cutting-edge technologies and managerial expertise in tenders and auctions for the construction of federal and regional motorways.
Work to ensure methodological and legal support for the efforts of regional executive agencies to achieve national socioeconomic development targets requires special attention.
The ministries and departments concerned have performed some work in this sphere. The Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) has approved the relevant methods for calculating specific target indicators. Methodological recommendations on a number of issues have been sent to the regions.
At the same time, the criteria for identifying “low-income” individuals and families “in need of support” have not been defined.
The methodology for registering the ratio of students aged 5-18 participating in additional-education programmes to the overall number of children in this age category has not been approved. This results in the duplication of information when the same child studies in several places.
Methodological and legal support is required on issues related to improving the quality of housing and utility services, the creation of a rental market for affordable housing and the development of the non-profit housing fund for low-income citizens.
The Government has issued the relevant instructions.
Work to implement the presidential executive orders is being monitored at all times.
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The Government’s official website publishes detailed reports on the implementation of instructions contained in presidential executive orders Nos. 596-606 of May 7, 2013 which are no longer being monitored. The website also provides information on the results of their fulfilment.
Press service of the Government of the Russian Federation
May 7, 2013