The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is the executor of the programme. The Federal Agency for Forestry is the co-executor. Regional executive bodies are participants of the programme. The programme includes four subprogrammes:
- Forest Protection;
- Support for Forest Use;
- Implementation of the State Programme Forestry Sector Development, 2013-2020.
The state programme is aimed at improving forest use, protection and reforestation, stable satisfaction of public demand for forest resources and the useful features of forests while preserving forest resources, the environment and the comprehensive functions of forests.
To this end, the state programme addresses the following key tasks:
- reducing forest losses from wildfires, pests and illegal logging;
- creating conditions for rational and intensive forest use while preserving its environmental functions and biodiversity, and improving supervision of forest use and reforestation;
- ensuring balance between forest loss and reforestation, improving forest yield and quality;
- making forest management more efficient.
The measures and target indicators of the programme have been developed taking into consideration the Concept of Long-Term Socioeconomic Development of the Russian Federation to 2020 approved by Government Directive No. 1662-r of 17 November 2008, the Strategy for the Forestry Sector Development to 2020 approved by Order No. 248/482 of 30 October 2008 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Agriculture, and the Comprehensive Programme of Biotechnology Development in the Russian Federation to 2020 approved by the Instruction of the Prime Minister No. VP-P8-2322 of 24 April 2012.
The programme’s target indicators, which evaluate measures to create favourable socioeconomic conditions and a favourable environment for introducing innovations in forestry areas such as forest use, protection and reforestation, and ensuring resource, research and technology support, include:
- 25.8% of Forest Fund land rented out;
- 6,200 km of forest roads built over the year; 42.5% of Forest Fund land area under cadastral registration;
- 23.2% ratio of the area of artificial forest regeneration to the area of forest loss due to clear felling and stand-level dieback;
- 2.5% of total prepared seeds have improved genetic characteristics;
- 5% of planting material has ball-rooted seedlings;
- 23.7% of reforestation on the Forest Fund lands is forest cultures;
- 10.1% of artificial forest regeneration is forest cultures created with planting material with improved genetic characteristics;
- 100,000 hectares of plantations of quick-growing forest; on 80% of total forest area, state forest inventory is implemented on the basis of permanent testing areas;
- 25% of total forest research funding is for innovation research and development.
The main measures of the programme aimed at creating favourable socioeconomic conditions and a favourable environment are:
- preventing wildfires and their spread, suppressing wildfires;
- preventing, containing and eliminating pests;
- conducting forest management, state forest registry, cadastral registration of forest land plots;
- organising forest use, planning and regulation;
- creating and operating a unified genetic-breeding complex;
- conducting reforestation and forest cultivation; forest management forecasting and strategic planning; scientific and analytical support for implementing the state programme;
- preparing and retraining forestry employees; professional development.
The programme will be implemented in three stages. First stage: 2013-2014, second stage: 2015-2017; third stage: 2018-2020.
The expected results of the programme:
- reducing forest loss from wildfires and pests (0.14% of the total forested area of the Forest Fund);
- preserving wooded areas of the Russian Federation at the level of 46.6%;
- preserving the area of valuable stand at the level of 70.54% of the total wooded area of the Forest Fund;
- increasing logging volumes (using allowable cut at the level of 50%);
- increasing total budget revenue from the use of forests in the Forest Fund by 39% (reaching the level of 24.2 roubles per hectare of Forest Fund lands).