The Ministry of Education and Science  (Minobrnauka) is a federal executive body responsible for drafting and implementing government policy and legal regulation in the field of education, science, research and development  and related innovation activities, nanotechnology, development of national research and high technology centres, national research centres and academic towns, intellectual property (excluding legal regulation of issues related to control, supervision and the provision of state services in the field of legal protection of inventions, useful models, industrial samples, computer software, databases and topography of integral circuits, including those that are part of a comprehensive technology, trademarks, service marks, and protected designation of origin), as well as in the field of education, guardianship and custody of minors, social assistance and social security for students of educational establishments, youth policy, and state services and state property management in the field of education, upbringing, science, research and development  and related innovation activities, including national research and high technology centres, national research centres, unique research stands and equipment, national multiple access  centres, leading research schools, the new-generation national computer network, and information support to research, research and development and related innovation activities.